This engagement proved to be an inconclusive clash between the two “Royal Navies” of the theatre. Meanwhile, and even further to the south, Ark Royal was preparing to launch its complement of Fairey Swordfish. the HMS Berwick obtained two hits by Italian 8 inch shells while the Italian destroyer Lanciere became immobilized by a British shell. The presence of the Italian battlefleet led the British to launch their aircraft too early. Casa Chia Srl P.I. It is interesting to note that Admiral Iachino ordered Admiral Sansonetti to provide aid to the Lanciere using his entire division. It was, however, seen as a missed opportunity by Italian leadership. © 2000-2019 Comando Supremo. As Iachino remarked, "the use of these ships, which constituted at that moment nearly all of our fleet's effective units after the blow at Taranto, was decided by Supermarina mainly for reasons of morale, and to demonstrate that our combative spirit remained intact. The all-suite accommodation at Faro Capo-Spartivento includes thoughtful touches like Provencal beds, and the communal areas feature eclectic furniture from around the world; breakfast is served poolside at tables hewn from Turkish carts, while mirrors feature Indian … The main consequence of Cape Spartivento was ultimately the replacement of Campioni with Iachino as commander of the battlefleet. In the Second World War machine shotguns from the American airplanes have damaged the house. Four minutes later, Vice Admiral Angelo Iachino, commander of the Italian cruiser group, received orders to disengage, although the battle had swung slightly in their favour. The operation went almost unopposed by the Italians, except for scattered torpedo bomber attacks from the Aegean islands. Target of the American planes’ machine guns during World War … Vittorio Veneto fired 19 rounds in seven salvoes from long range and that was enough for the now outgunned British cruisers, which turned back at the fourth salvo. [9], For the next few minutes, the tables turned in favour of the British when the battlecruiser HMS Renown closed the distance on the Italian cruisers, and straddled Trieste with two salvoes. Questo sito utilizza cookie tecnici e analitici, anche di terze parti, per migliorare i servizi. The arrival of the battleship HMS Ramillies on the British side helped to even the odds, but she was too slow to maintain formation and dropped out of battle after a few salvoes at 12:26. After launching two torpedoes from long range, which missed their target, Sirio reported seven enemy warships heading to the east. At 09:45 on 27 November, an IMAM Ro.43 reconnaissance floatplane from the heavy cruiser Bolzano discovered a British squadron steaming to the east, 17 nmi (31 km; 20 mi) north of Chetaïbi. Grand Canyon National Park Virtual Rim to River Run Down South Kaibab Trail 4k - Duration: 2:00:50. The sighting provided Campioni confirmation that the two forces were attempting a rendezvous. It was fought between naval forces of the British Royal Navy and the Italian Regia Marina on 27 November 1940. La Capo Carbonara, invece, rimase in disarmo fino al novembre 2003, quando fu venduta a demolitori indiani. Image take from HMS Sheffield. The Faro Resort of Capo Spartivento is an exclusive charming hotel situated in a unique panoramic position overlooking the turquoise sea. Rapid fire between the two forces continued as the distance between them closed, but as the range shortened Italian firepower began to put pressure on the outgunned British. Campioni departed Naples with a force consisting of the only two battleships available, the cruisers Pola, Fiume, Gorizia, and 11 destroyers. Nov 30th, 2020 by During the ensuing action, Iachino received Campioni’s order to withdraw. Until then, the Italians had left their capital ships in harbour, hoping its mere presence as a fleet in being would deter British shipping through the area, though they would not decline battle if given the opportunity. During the last war it was machine-gunned by American planes and, later on, it functioned as the … The Italians did not stop British operations. The Faro Capo Spartivento was built in 1856 by the Italian Navy. Image: Public Domain. Admiral Inigo Campioni received orders to engage the enemy only under favorable circumstances. La battaglia, detta anche di Capo Spartivento, rappresenta una delle prime risposte italiane alla “notte di Taranto” del precedente 11 novembre. Campioni avoided a fight that could have stopped the Royal Navy. [13] Both forces withdrew, the battle lasting a total of 54 minutes and causing little damage to either side. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The goal was to reinforce Malta with 12 Hurricane fighters launched from HMS Argus. Meanwhile, Admiral Angelo Iachino, commanding the cruiser divisions, sighted enemy ships and ordered to open fire. Corps of the Port Captaincies (Corpo delle Capitanerie di Porto), Coast Guard - in peacetime assigned to the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport On the night of 11 November 1940, the British incapacitated or destroyed half of the Italian fleet's battleships in a daring aerial assault as they lay at rest at Taranto. The Italian Navy, however, didn't decline battle if given the opportunity. HMS Manchester receiving fire from Italian vessels during the Battle of Capo Teulada. Gunfire exchanged between British and Italian cruisers. The Capo Spartivento Lighthouse was built in 1856 by the Italian Navy. Additionally, in following Supermarina’s directives, the engagement did not appear to be under favorable terms. So he reluctantly changed course attempting to reunite with the Battleships. Affondata 20 miglia a largo di Capo Spartivento alla latitudine di 37 gradi e 58' nord e longitudine di 16 gradi e 49' est, almeno ufficialmente. It scored no hits. The two fleets gathered and sailed south-west for most of the day. Its isolated position makes it an ideal choice to appreciate the silence of nature, to explore the territory to discover hidden coves and wild corners of Mediterranean vegetation or even for romantic weddings. [11] This advantage was soon negated, however, when at 13:00, Vittorio Veneto opened fire from 27,000 metres (30,000 yd). As for Campioni, although he had a mandate to be conservative, he had presided over the loss of Italy's best opportunity to deal the British a sharp setback in a fleet action. In Campioni’s defense, he was responsible for the only two remaining operational battleships. Ensure the transfer of warships required to fight in the Atlantic. This element, together with the presence of an enemy aircraft carrier, probably convinced Campioni the balance of power was not in his favor. During the last war it was machine-gunned by American planes and, later on, it functioned as the Lighthouse guardian residence until the late 80s. However, by this point, the lead cruiser formation had already angled toward the British and was beginning to engage them in battle.[8]. A second hit at 12:35 destroyed the after breaker (electrical switchboard) room and cut power to the ship's aft section, including the remaining aft turret. However, the convoy was attempted, with increased support, including ships from Gibraltar-based Force H and Force D out of Alexandria. The Battle of Cape Spartivento, known as the Battle of Cape Teulada in Italy, was a naval battle during the Battle of the Mediterranean in the Second World War. One hour later, without any further contact, Campioni changed course, aiming to intercept the warships that crossed the Sicilian channel. The battle (perhaps more a brief clash) of Cape Spartivento was an inconclusive action in the battle for the Mediterranean. Description the Capo Spartivento Lighthouse was built in 1856 by the Italian Navy. Built in 1854 by Italian Navy, the Lighthouse of Capo-Spartivento was one of twenty lighthouses wanted by Victor Emmanuel II of Savoy, whose wrought-iron initials still feature above the entrance door. And the Italian military leadership prevailed the feeling that they missed a significant opportunity. Spartivento dispone della flotta di yacht charter più grande e più giovane del Sud Italia. On the night of 17 November, an Italian force consisting of two battleships (Vittorio Veneto and Giulio Cesare) and a number of other units were about to intercept Briti… Meanwhile, the cruisers Trieste, Trento, Bolzano, and three destroyers departed Messina. Nel giugno 2009 fu venduta per la demolizione. Faro Capo-Spartivento, Sardinia The Lighthouse of Capospartivento, the oldest in Sardinia, is now reborn as a luxury guest house. I deeply love history and especially military history. L'inchiesta subiva un brusco arresto, in quanto il Ministero non dava alla Procura di Reggio Calabria l'autorizzazione ad eseguire una perizia tecnica sulle navi, che risultavano affondate dinanzi a Capo Spartivento, in una frattura del terreno, ove la profondit marina era rilevantissima. Because of the early launch, one Skua and eight Hurricanes were lost at sea after running out of fuel. Until then, the Italians had left their battlefleet in harbour, using it as a threat against British shipping, even if it never left port, as a fleet in being. La battaglia, detta anche di Capo Spartivento, rappresenta una delle prime risposte italiane alla “notte di Taranto” del precedente 11 novembre. With Malta in urgent need of supplies and weapons, the Royal Navy mounted a resupply operation with multiple objectives: The quest to resupply Malta resulted in two distinct operations, one naval formation departing from Gibraltar (Operation Collar) under Admiral James Somerville and the second leaving from Alexandria (Operation M.B.9) under Admiral Cunningham. Campioni decided to provide aid to the cruisers by bringing the Vittorio Veneto within the firing range. This order is similar to the much more fatal one given during the night of the Battle of Cape Matapan. A Net Inceptions project. At 12:22, the lead groups of both cruiser forces came into range and Fiume opened fire at 23,500 metres (25,700 yd). Squadron Vice Admiral Inigo Campioni. The Italian cruiser was hit by splinters. Cruiser Bolzano, during the battle of Capo Teulada. Section 107 specifies usage of copyright material falls under Fair Use when it is applied for criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching and research. It was, however, seen as a missed opportunity by Italian leadership. Thus risking his battleships was not an option. Campioni wrongly believed until the morning of the 27th that the enemy forces attacked during the night by Sirio was Admiral Somerville’s force from Gibraltar. Somerville’s battle force consisted of the battlecruiser Renown, the aircraft carrier Ark Royal, the cruisers Sheffield, Despatch, and nine destroyers. The history of Capo-Spartivento’s Lighthouse. The Capo Spartivento Lighthouse was built in 1856 by the Italian Navy. Target of the American planes’ machine guns during World War II, it was restored only once, right after the conflict. Recognizance and intelligence reports coming to Rome confirmed enemy movements both in Western and Eastern Mediterranean. Accept Read More, Battle of Cape Spartivento on 27 November 1940, Italian Armor in German Service during WW2, Operation Vigorous and Operation Harpoon (1942). Built in 1854 by the Italian Navy, the Lighthouse of Capo Spartivento was one of twenty lighthouses wanted by Victor Emmanuel II of Savoy, whose wrought-iron initials still feature above the entrance door. Today the Faro (lighthouse) and Residenza Semaforisti are Luxury Guests Houses, keeping its charm and its original nature of the lighthouse, which illuminates the sailors way for 150 years. Senior leadership deemed Campioni’s course of action to be excessively cautious. Con basi in tutta Italia, troverete la vostra vacanza ideale in barca a vela con equipaggio o noleggiando a scafo nudo, potendo scegliere tra una vasta gamma di opzioni. "[17], The battle features in the 1941 Italian film The White Ship directed by Roberto Rossellini. A circa 15 miglia per 75° da Capo Spartivento Calabro, le motosiluranti avvistano due unità identificate, nella notte, come incrociatori. [1][8], Admiral Somerville deployed his forces into two main groups, with five cruisers under Rear Admiral Lancelot Holland in front and two battleships and seven destroyers in a second group following to the south. This engagement proved to be an inconclusive clash between the two “Royal Navies” of the theatre. Following the Taranto raid, the British launched Operation White on 17 November 1940. The destroyer Lanciere, hit in the engine compartment during the battle, was towed back to Messina. During the last war it was machine-gunned by American planes and, later on, it functioned as the … Up to the 80s it was residence of the “Faristi” (the lighthouse keepers) and the existing guesthouse still keeps its own identity of lighthouse. Comando Supremo is an Amazon Associate and earns from qualifying purchases. The two fleets continued distancing themselves. Italian agents based in Algeciras immediately reported the ship’s movements to the Navy high command. Fu in seguito ceduta ad armatori coreani, prendendo il nome di Da Long e venendo demolita in Cina nel 2009. At 13:00, once the Italian fleet regrouped, the Vittorio Veneto opened fired on the British at distances between 28,000 and 32,000 meters. La Capo Spartivento era una nave traghetto della Classe Capo. At 12:07, after a report received from the cruiser Gorizia's floatplane, Campioni realized the closeness in strengths of the two forces and in accordance with his orders commanded the cruiser groups to re-form on the battleships and prepare to depart. La Capo Spartivento fu invece venduta alla sudcoreana Dae Ryong Maritime Co. Ltd. nel settembre 2001, venendo rinominata Da Long. The Capo Spartivento Lighthouse was built in 1856 by the Italian Navy. Images, videos and other multimedia published on comandosupremo.com qualifies as Fair Use under U.S. copyright law. During the last war it was machine-gunned by American planes and, later on, it … At 12:38, torpedo bombers from the Ark Royal attacked the Italian battleships, scoring no hits. The convoy was spotted by the Italian intelligence service, and once again the Italian fleet sailed out to intercept it. Between 12:00 and 12:15, Campioni ordered the fleet to change course and direct for the bases. IMMERSIONE CON IL DIVING MAURO SUB CAPO PALINURO. [9] Most sources believe that the first hit was scored by an Italian heavy cruiser from the 1º Cruiser Division, either from Fiume or Pola,[10] while the second round came from the 3º Cruiser Division, either from Trieste or Trento, at the time the only Italian warships within range. The Battle of Cape Spartivento, known as the Battle of Cape Teulada in Italy, was a naval battle during the Battle of the Mediterranean in the Second World War, fought between naval forces of the Royal Navy and the Italian Regia Marina on 27 November 1940. [2][3], The Italians' success in disrupting the reinforcement of Malta cast serious doubt upon British plans to send a further convoy to supply the island (Operation Collar). HMS Berwick received damage in the Battle of Cape Spartivento. Soon after, a seaplane from the Gorizia also sighted Somerville’s naval formation. The Battle of Cape Spartivento (Italian: Battaglia di Capo Teulada), on 27 November 1940, was the first significant naval action in the Mediterranean after the Raid on Taranto. All rights reserved. However, a board of inquiry exonerated Somerville, who enjoyed the strong support of several fellow admirals. At 11:50, he signaled Supermarina his intentions to withdraw. 02524310923 - HOTEL SPARTIVENTO - 09010 Domus De Maria (CA) - Sardegna - Italy Built in 1856 by the Italian Navy, on an area of 600 sqm, the Faro Capo Spartivento accommodated the family of the lighthouse keeper up to the 80s. Continuando la navigazione accetterai automaticamente l’utilizzo dei cookie. Capo Spartivento Lighthouse was built in 1856 by the Italian Navy. At 9:45, Bolzano’s seaplane sighted Somerville’s force, heading eastwards. At this time, the Italian destroyer Lanciere was hit by a broadside from HMS Manchester and seriously damaged, although she was towed to port after the battle. Once a target of American aerial machine guns during World War II, … USC Title 17. The Battle of Cape Spartivento, known as the Battle of Cape Teulada in Italy, was a naval battle during the Battle of the Mediterranean in the Second World War, fought between naval forces of the Royal Navy and the Italian Regia Marina on 27 November 1940. Il Sig.Casile, intanto, continuava a raccontarmi la storia dei fari di Capo dell’Armi e Capo Spartivento, di quando tanti anni fa il Re, tornando in Italia a bordo di una nave della Regia Marina, telegrafò a terra. Freelance Project Manager with a background in Economics. La Capo Spartivento era una nave traghetto della Classe Capo.Derivata dalla conversione a traghetto passeggeri del ro-ro merci Apulia, costruito per il Lloyd triestino nel 1981, rimase in servizio con questo nome per Tirrenia dal 1988 al 2001.Fu in seguito ceduta ad armatori coreani, prendendo il nome di Da Long e venendo demolita in Cina nel 2009. Meanwhile, on 25 November 1940, Somerville departed from Gibraltar. Treadmill TV Recommended for you [14][15][16], After the battle Winston Churchill wanted Somerville to be replaced, having questioned the admiral's offensive spirit ever since his objections to attacking the French at Mers-el-Kébir. [1] The first Italian naval unit to make visual contact with the convoy was the torpedo boat Sirio on the night of 26 November. The alerted Italian battlefleet received orders to depart by midday of the 26 November. Unisciti agli oltre 10,000 clienti annuali e accedi ai migliori catamarani e barche a vela per la tua prossima vacanza. The heavy cruiser HMS Berwick was hit at 12:22 by a single 203 mm (8 in) shell, which knocked out her "Y" turret, killed seven men, wounded nine others and ignited a fire that took an hour to subdue. Fu in seguito ceduta ad armatori coreani, prendendo il nome di Da Long e venendo demolita in Cina nel 2009. Iachino ordered an increase in speed to 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph), laid smoke and started to withdraw. During the last war it was machine-gunned by American planes and, later on, it functioned as the lighthouse keepers residence until the late 80s. However, the Italian admiral Inigo Campioni had been given orders to avoid combat unless it was heavily in his favour, so a decisive battle was out of the question. [12] Manchester was holed by splinters from Vittorio Veneto's rounds. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. At the same time, the battleships Ramilles, the cruiser Berwick, Coventry, Newcastle, and five destroyers (Force D) headed for the Sicilian channel and the rendezvous point with Somerville south of Sardinia. It is important to remember that in late November 1940, the Regia Marina had only two operational battleships available (Vittorio Veneto and Giulio Cesare), thus making these assets extremely precious. [5][6], Shortly after, at 9:56, Somerville received the report of his own aircraft from the carrier HMS Ark Royal about the presence of five cruisers and five destroyers, and assumed that these were Italian units closing for battle. These orders provided him little room for maneuver and dependent on the final decision coming from the high command (Supermarina). battle of cape spartivento. He asked for a confirmation which only arrived at 12:56 in vague terms. The Italians had organized their fleet into three groups, two composed of the six heavy cruisers and seven of the destroyers and a third group of the two battleships and another seven escorting destroyers bringing up the rear. The Battle of Cape Spartivento, known as the Battle of Cape Teulada in Italy, was a naval battle during the Battle of the Mediterranean in the Second World War.It was fought between naval forces of the British Royal Navy and the Italian Regia Marina on 27 November 1940, during the Second World War. THE HISTORY OF THE HEAD-SPRING LIGHTS Built in 1854 by the Italian Navy, the Capo Spartivento Lighthouse was one of the true lights of Vittorio Emanuele of Savoia, whose initials are still in the wrought-iron frieze, entrance. [7] The two forces were fairly even; although the Italian ships possessed both longer-ranged and larger guns, the British had an aircraft carrier, which had shown several advantages over the battleship at Taranto. Also, scattered air-recognizance and communication transmission delays severely hindered Campioni’s ability to evaluate the situation. Thanks in part to the tales of my Grandfathers who lived it and managed to survive the war. Additionally, the substitution of Admiral Cavagnari with Admiral Riccardi as head of the Regia Marina. The British were warned of their approach and immediately turned about and returned to Gibraltar, launching their aircraft (two Blackburn Skuas and 12 Hawker Hurricanes) prematurely. The second world war is one of my primary interests. During the night, the torpedo boat Sirio, patrolling the Sicilian channel, reported its attack on a formation of enemy ships cruising North-West. Did the Italians have an Effective Navy during... Italian East Africa Theatre in World War II, Caproni Campini N.1: World’s Second Jet Aircraft, Giovanni Messe: Italy’s Best WWII General. [1], Six days later, on the night of 17 November, an Italian force consisting of two battleships (Vittorio Veneto and Giulio Cesare) and a number of supporting units attempted to intercept two British aircraft carriers, HMS Ark Royal and Argus and their cruiser escorts, who were en route to Malta in an attempt to provide planes to reinforce that island's defenses (Operation White). One Skua and eight Hurricanes were lost at sea, as they ran out of fuel well before arriving at their destination, with the loss of seven airmen. The Chief of the Navy General Staff heads the Navy General Staff in Rome, manages the bureaucratic aspects of the navy, and supervises four major commands.. Chief of the Navy General Staff (Capo di stato maggiore della Marina). One fought in Russia with the Italian Expeditionary Corp and the other one fought alongside the Partisans. [4], The British, aware of the Italian fleet's movements, sent their forces north to intercept them before they could come anywhere near the cargo ships. M.B.9 took place between the 23 and 27 November 1940. The Capo Spartivento Lighthouse was built in 1856 by the Italian Navy. The Battle of Cape Spartivento (Italian: Battaglia di Capo Teulada), on 27 November 1940, was the first significant naval action in the Mediterranean after the Raid on Taranto. | Privacy Policy | Contact us. A concept of hospitality where its wild, unspoilt backdrop becomes a natural barrier guaranteeing complete privacy and the unique charm of the area is reflected in the exclusive design of the refurbishment project. On the 27th, Cunningham dispatched the convoy to Malta. Giorgio Giorgerini, La Guerra Italiana sul mare: la marina tra vittoria e sconfitta 1940–1943, Edizione Mondadori (2001). This resulted in only a few aircraft landing on Malta. In fact, as giant water-spouts erupted around Berwick and Manchester, Holland ordered smoke, and his ships fled southeast to close with Renown. During the last war it was machine-gunned by American planes and, later on, it functioned as the lighthouse keepers residence until the late 80s. Se vuoi saperne di più clicca qui. Con oltre 85 imbarcazioni e basi in tutto il Mediterraneo, dal 2001 Spartivento Yachts & Charter garantisce efficienza, esperienza e passione nel noleggio di barche a vela e catamarani per i velisti di tutto il mondo.